This calculator will find the missing variable in the physics equation for force (F = m * a), when two of the variables are known. ## Force EquationNewton's second law states that force is proportional to what is required for an object of constant mass to change its velocity. This is equal to that object's mass multiplied by its acceleration. We use Newtons, kilograms, and meters per second squared as our default units, although any appropriate units for mass (grams, ounces, etc.) or velocity (miles per hour per second, millimeters per second2, etc.) could certainly be used as well - the calculation is the same regardless.
## ExampleWhat is the force required to accelerate an object with a mass of 20 kg from stationary to 3 m/s2? F = m * a F = 20 kg * 3 m/s2 F = 60 N Newtons are a derived unit, equal to 1 kg-m/s². In other words, a single Newton is equal to the force needed to accelerate one kilogram one meter per second squared. ## Further ReadingHow you calculate the magnitude of acceleration depends on the nature of your problem. Do you know velocity or force? With our handy tool, you will learn to tackle the problem in three different ways. Keep reading, or explore our calculator to learn: **How to find the magnitude of acceleration given mass and force**:**How to find the magnitude of acceleration given velocity and time**; and**How to calculate the magnitude of the acceleration from its component**.
We often use the terms speed and velocity interchangeably: we are wrong! In physics, speed is a - The
**orientation**, the**angle(s)**defining the alignment of the vector (transversal, longitudinal); - The
**sense**, the**way the vector is pointing**(left/right, up/down); and - The
**magnitude**, the value inherited from the scalar quantities, indicates the "strength" of the vector.
Acceleration — the word, at least — is both a scalar and a vector quantity. We are interested in the second case. We talk about acceleration in detail at our acceleration calculator. Check it out!
Acceleration is a versatile quantity: we can identify two main ways to calculate it. One involves In our magnitude of an acceleration calculator, we will also teach you how to calculate the magnitude of acceleration using the
Here we will learn how to determine the magnitude of the acceleration using Newton's second law. Inverting the relationship, we can find the formula to calculate the magnitude of acceleration: $∥a∥=m∥∥ F∥∥ $ Where: - $∣a∣$ — The
**magnitude of the acceleration**; - $∣∣ F∣∣ $ — The
**magnitude of the force**(it corresponds to the absolute value of the force); and - $m$ — The
**mass**.
🙋 This method of calculating the magnitude of the acceleration is best suited when the direction of the acceleration vector is hardly identifiable with the change in the velocity vector's direction: take as an example the centripetal force.
To find the magnitude of the acceleration in many problems regarding the motion of a body, you may need to know how to calculate this quantity starting from velocity and time. To do so, you need to know: - The
**initial and final velocity**in**vector form**; and - The
**time required to reach these values**.
Once you know these values, $∥a∥=Δt∥v_{f}−v_{i}∥ $ Where: - $v_{i}$ — The
**initial velocity**; - $v_{f}$ — The
**final velocity**; and - $Δt$ — The time.
To compute the subtraction between the velocity vectors, follow these steps: - Subtract individually the components for each coordinate;
- Sum the
**squares**of the results; - Extract the square root of the result.
Remember to convert the speed into a reasonable measurement unit before calculating the acceleration: Beaufort per second square is
Since acceleration is a vector quantity, we can define as many $a=(a_{x},a_{y})$ To compute the magnitude of the acceleration in this situation, apply the formula: $∥a∥=∥a_{x}∥_{2}+∥a_{y}∥_{2} $ You can arbitrarily increase the number of dimensions and components to fit the requirements of your problem. In the general case, the equation for the magnitude of the acceleration is: $∥a∥=i=1∑n ∥a_{i}∥_{2} $ 🙋 You can calculate the components of the acceleration from the difference in the components of speed or from the components of the force. |